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The Oxfordian

Welcome to The Oxfordian, the annual journal published during the fall by the Shakespeare Oxford Fellowship. The Oxfordian is a professional publication that features papers providing in-depth coverage of issues of importance to Shakespeare scholars. The Oxfordian welcomes submission of learned essays on three interrelated topics:

  • Important literary works of the Early Modern Period in English literature
  • Shakespeare studies
  • Shakespeare authorship issues

The Oxfordian was established in 1998 by Stephanie Hopkins Hughes and she served as its editor for ten years. Dr. Michael Egan edited the journal from 2009 to 2014. Chris Pannell is the current editor. Several articles that first appeared in The Oxfordian have been republished, and many more have been cited with approval, in mainstream Shakespeare books and journals. The Oxfordian has been cited as “the best American academic journal covering the authorship question” by William Niederkorn, formerly of the New York Times, in his online review of Contested Will. It has also been praised by Stratfordian scholar Stuart Hampton-Reeves for its “academic rigour” in Shakespeare Beyond Doubt (2013).

(ISSN 1521-3641)

Articles from the most recent volume are password-protected and available to Members only. All articles from other issues are freely available. Members may send an email request to newsletter@shakespeareoxfordfellowship.org for the password. Note: One article in the most recent volume is freely available.

For Institutional Subscriptions to SOF journals and newsletters, contact us at: newsletter@shakespeareoxfordfellowship.org.

The Oxfordian issues available online:

Volume 18 – October 2016



Table of Contents

An Evening at the Cockpit: Further Evidence of an Early Date for Henry V Ramon Jiménez (freely available)

A better explanation of the performance and printing history of Henry V is that
lines 22-34 of the Act 5 Chorus do not refer to Essex at all, and were not written in
1599, but at least fifteen years earlier, when the Folio version of [the play] was first
seen by an Elizabethan audience. . . . This passage . . . is much more appropriate to
events earlier in Elizabeth’s reign – before the Irish revolt of the 1590s – when there
were two serious uprisings in Ireland known as the First and the Second Desmond

Reconsidering the Jephthah Allusion in Hamlet Connie J. Beane (available only to members)

While Hamlet is talking to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in the second act, prior to
the arrival onstage of the visiting Players, Polonius enters to deliver news of their
coming. Hamlet then taunts Polonius, calling the old man “Jephthah” and referring
to his “one faire daughter and no more, the which he loued passing well” (2.2.349-
350). The incident occupies less than a dozen lines and on the surface, appears trivial.
However, in Shakespeare’s plays, what appears to be trivial is sometimes significant.
Who was Jephthah, and why would Hamlet compare Polonius to him?

Sc(e)acan, Shack, and Shakespeare Eddi Jolly (available only to members)

Changes in semantics, pronunciation, and spelling during the period of Early Modern
English (1500-1650) are of particular interest to those interested in ‘Shakspere’
and ‘Shakespeare’ . . . . One of the changes in Middle English was that some short
vowels were lengthened. Baugh gives the example of the Old English infinitive bacan,
which became Middle English baken, modern to bake. Other words which shared the
sound change of bacan include tacan, modern to take; sc(e)acan, to shake; and the noun
nama, name. Part of the change to modern pronunciations took place during what is
called the Great Vowel Shift, generally seen as occurring between 1400 and 1600, but
there were later vowel changes too.

Twelfth Night: How Much Did deVere Know of Dubrovnik? Richard Malim (available only to members)

We know that Oxford incurred an injury to his knee on a Venetian galley in 1575
during his stay in Italy. In September 1575, an Italian banker wrote from Venice:
“God be thanked, for now last [lately] coming from Genoa his lordship found himself
somewhat altered by reason of the extreme heats: and before [earlier] his Lordship
hurt his knee in one of the Venetian galleys . . . ” A Venetian galley would only
have been used on a sea voyage, not a canal or river journey. Possibly, de Vere made
a trip to the free city state of Ragusa (its Italian name) or Dubrovnik (its Croatian
name). If so, he could have seen for himself a culture and location that he would
later use as background for Twelfth Night.

Evermore in Subjection: Wardship and Edward de Vere Bonner Miller Cutting (available only to members)

One might feel for the plight of the youth who entered Cecil’s magnificent London
house in 1562. Even the brightest of twelve-year-olds would be no match for . . .
William Cecil, a man who commanded the Privy Council, the Court of Wards, and
the Treasury. Because of wardship, Edward de Vere accrued backbreaking debts and
entered into a disastrous marriage. In the end, he lost everything: property, children,
and his reputation. . . . Burghley himself wrote “The greatest possession that any
man can have is honor, good name, and good will of many and of the best sort” –
sentiments that Shakespeare ascribes to Iago.

The Sycamore Grove, Revisited Catherine Hatinguais (available only to members)

[In] Verona, our bus stopped briefly near Porta Palio to allow us to see Romeo’s sycamore
grove. I asked our Italian guide – just to be sure – if those trees . . . through
the bus windows were the famous sycamore trees. She answered bluntly: “No, those
are plane trees. Sycamores are a different species.” Once I recovered from my surprise,
I started thinking . . . Are there really two different tree species, each with
its own unique name? Or is there only one species of tree, but with two different
names, depending on the region or the era? . . . To get to the root of this problem,
we first had to get to the leaves. . . . Little did I know how far this modest inquiry
would lead.

The Great Reckoning — Who Killed Christopher Marlowe and Why? Stephanie Hopkins Hughes (available only to members)

The Oxfordian thesis has forced us into areas of psychology, biography and history
– English, continental, and literary . . . [because of] the issue of Shakespeare’s identity
. . . . Seeking the truth about the author of the western world’s most important
and influential literary canon has required that we examine the facts surrounding
the production of other literary works at the time, facts that demonstrate that the
Stratford biography is not the only one rife with anomalies. Although Christopher
Marlowe’s biography holds together far better than most, his death remains as much
a mystery as Shakespeare’s identity. Could these two mysteries be related?

Essex, The Rival Poet of Shakespeare’s Sonnets Peter Moore (available only to members)

[Some] principal questions about the Sonnets are the identities of the fair youth, the
dark lady, and the rival poet . . . The most often proposed rival poets are George
Chapman and Christopher Marlowe, but the arguments for them are thin; even
weaker cases have been offered for virtually every other contemporary professional
poet. . . . Robert Devereux, the second Earl of Essex, was . . . intelligent, handsome,
athletic, improvident, charming, a generous patron of writers . . . He was also the
best friend and hero of the youthful third Earl of Southampton. He was also a poet
whose talent was admired by his contemporaries.

The Rival Poet in Shake-speare’s Sonnets Hank Whittemore (available only to members)

The Oxfordian model opens the door to an entirely new way of looking at the nine
sonnets in the rival series, resulting in a view . . . that the rival was not a person at all,
but a persona. . . . The rival series contains Oxford’s own testimony about the authorship
– a grand, poetic, profoundly emotional statement of his identity as the author
being erased for all time and being replaced by the printed name known since 1593
as William Shakespeare. In this context, the sonnets about the so-called rival refer
not to Oxford’s original use of the pseudonym in 1593, but rather to the need several
years later for his real name – his authorship – to be permanently buried.

A Psychiatrist’s View of the Sonnets Eliot Slater (available only to members)

Shakespeare’s preoccupation with his own aging, a physical decay destined to end in
death, gives by itself an impression of such melancholy that we are bound to consider
whether he may have had a depressive illness. Scholars have repeatedly emphasized
the world-weariness, the despair of human kind and the self-contempt that
inspire so much of the poetry and the action of such plays as Hamlet, King Lear, and
Timon of Athens. Some (Chambers, for instance) think of the possibility of a nervous
breakdown. The Sonnets are a record which can help us to a partial answer of whether
the poet was ever in worse case than merely very miserable, or whether, in fact, he
had a mental illness.

Review of Quentin Skinner’s book, Forensic Shakespeare Richard Waugaman (available only to members)

Review of Robert Bearman’s book, Shakespeare’s Money  Richard Waugaman (available only to members)

Volume 17 – September 2015



Table of Contents

Honest Ben and the Two Tribes He Hath Left Us  Gabriel Ready

Knowledge Ill-Inhabited: The Subjugation of Post-Stratfordian Scholarship in Academic Libraries Michael Dudley

Spinning Shakespeare Don Rubin

Nearly Forgotten Article by J. Thomas Looney Introduction by James Warren

Is Greene’s Groats-worth of Wit about Shakespeare, or By Him? Robert Prechter

“A Mint of Phrases in His Brain”: Language, Historiography, and The Authorship Question in Love’s Labour’s Lost  Julie Harper Elb

Subliminal Chaucer in Shakespeare’s History Plays Michael Delahoyde

The Rediscovery of Shakespeare’s Greater Greek Earl Showerman

Oxfordian Theory and Continental Drift  James Warren

My Oxfordian Bookshelf Chris Pannell

Volume 16 – September 2014


Table of Contents

Introduction: The Oxfordian Mind

Greene’s Groatsworth of Witte  Henry Chettle

Excerpt from Palladis Tamia  Francis Meres

Delia Bacon and Shakespeare  Nathaniel Hawthorne

Was Shakespeare a Lawyer?  Mark Twain and George Greenwood

Discovering Edward de Vere  John Thomas Looney

Who was Shakespeare?  Eva T. Clark

This Star of England  Dorothy and Charlton Ogburn

Review: Oxford’s Geneva Bible

Shakespeare in Italy  Richard Paul Roe

Oxford’s Grammar School  Robin Fox

Sweet Swan of Avon  Alexander Waugh

Volume 15 – October 2013

Table of Contents

Editorial: Midnight in the Garden of the SAQ

Did Joseph Hall and Ben Jonson Identify Oxford as Shakespeare?  Carolyn Morris

The Two Lear Plays: How Shakespeare Transformed His First Romance into His Last Tragedy  Ramon Jiménez 

New Discoveries about the Authorship of Shakespeare’s Works  Richard M. Waugaman 

Still in Denial: Shakespeare Beyond Doubt versus Shakespeare Beyond Doubt?  Gary Goldstein 

All Is True  Mike A’Dair 

Edward de Vere and The Two Noble Kinsmen  Michael Delahoyde 

Storm over The Tempest  Stephanie Hopkins Hughes 


Volume 14 – October 2012

Table of Contents

Editorial: Ill Met by Moonlight

An Historic Document: The Shakespeare Authorship Coalition Answers the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust  John M. Shahan, et. al.

The Psychopathology of Stratfordianism  Richard M. Waugaman

The Playwright’s Progress: Edward de Vere and the two Shrew Plays  Ramon Jiménez

Reclaiming The Passionate Pilgrim for Shakespeare  Katherine Chiljan

Giordano Bruno: Mad, Bad, and Dangerous to Know  Derran Charlton

The Case for Sir Henry Neville as the Real Shakespeare  William D. Rubenstein

Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford: Touchstone to the English Literary Renaissance  Stephanie Hopkins Hughes

New Light on Willobie His Avisa and the Authorship Question  John Hamill

Verse Parallels Between Oxford and Shakespeare  Robert R. Prechter, Jr.

Volume 13 – October 2011

Table of Contents

Editorial: An Oxfordian Triumph

Letters to the Editor

The Black Book, Oedipus and Robin Hood: Oxford’s Lawsuits and the Character of Timon  Robin Fox

Titus Andronicus, the Psalms, and Edward de Vere’s Bible  Richard M. Waugaman

The Date of The Merchant of Venice: The Case for 1578  Ramon Jiménez

Alas Poor Anne: Shakespeare’s “Second Best Bed” in Historical Perspective  Bonner Miller Cutting

On the Date and Authorship of The Contention  Kevin Gilvary

The ‘Learned’ vs. The ‘Unlearned’ Shakespeare  Frank Davis

The Anglified Italian Who Invented Shakespeare  Lamberto Tassinari

Did Shakespeare Have a Literary Mentor?  W. Ron Hess

A Response to “Did Shakespeare Have a Literary Mentor?”  Sabrina Feldman

Volume 12 – October 2010

Table of Contents

Editorial: Good Deeds in a Naughty World

Letters to the Editor

In Memoriam: Robert Sean Brazil, Verily Anderson Paget

Top Ten Reasons Shakespeare Did Not Write Shakespeare   Keir Cutler

The Troublesome Raigne Of John, King of England: Shakespeare’s First Version of King John  Ramon Jiménez

A Matter of Pronunciation: Shakespeare, Oxford, and the Petty School  Robin Fox

The Fable of the Belly: A Reassessment of the Date of Composition of Coriolanus  P.D. McIntosh

Titus Andronicus and the Treasonous House of Howard  Marie Merkel

Some Comments on Michael Egan’s ‘Slurs, Nasal Rhymes, and Amputations  Macdonald P. Jackson

Michael Egan Replies to Macdonald P. Jackson  Michael Egan

Doctor Faustus, Tamburlaine and The Taming of The Shrew  Derran Charlton

The Swallow and the Crow: The Case for Sackville as Shakespeare  Sabrina Feldman

The Shakespeare Clinic and the Oxfordians  Ward E.Y. Elliott and Robert J. Valenza

A Reply to Ward E.Y. Elliott and Robert J. Valenza  John Shahan & Richard Whalen

Volume 11 – October 2009 (includes 2008 issue)

Table of Contents

In Memorium: Katherine Ligon 1948-2009

Editorial: Breaking the Log Jam

Letters to the Editor

Shakespeare Wrote Shakespeare  David Kathman

Why Marlowe Didn’t Die in 1593  Peter Farey

The Case for Oxford Revisited  Ramon Jiménez

Amelia Bassano Lanier: A New Paradigm  John Hudson

The Other W.S., William Stanley, Sixth Earl of Derby  John Raithel

An Oxfordian Response   Stephanie Hopkins Hughes

And also

Shakespeare, Oxford, and the Grammar School Question  Robin Fox

Timon of Athens: Shakespeare’s Sophoclean Tragedy  Earl Showerman

Greene’s Groats-worth of Witte: Shakespere’s Biography?  Frank Davis

Slurs, Nasal Rhymes and Amputations: A Reply to MacDonald P. Jackson  Michael Egan

Auditing the Stylometricians: Elliott, Valenza and the Claremont Shakespeare Authorship Clinic  John Shahan & Richard Whalen

Book Reviews, Letters, News, Notices

Volume 10 – October 2007

Editorial  Stephanie Hopkins Hughes

The Spanish Maze and the Date of The Tempest  Roger Stritmatter & Lyne Kositsky

Could Shakespeare have Calculated the Odds in Hamlet’s Wager?  Sam C. Saunders

Did Samuel Rowley Write Thomas of Woodstock?  Michael Egan

“Look Down and See what Death is Doing”: Gods and Greeks in The Winter’s Tale  Earl Showerman

A Dozen Plays Written after Oxford Died? Not Proven!  Richard F. Whalen

Sacred Pearls in the Machinery of Hamlet  Carl Caruso

Did Oxford make his Publishing Debut in 1560 as “T.H.”?  Robert Prechter

The Woman’s Prize: A Sequel to Taming of the Shrew  George Swan

My Other Car is a Shakespeare: A Response to Shahan and Whalen  Ward E.Y. Elliot & Robert Valenza

Book Reviews, Letters, News, Notices

Volume 9 – October 2006

From Russia with Love: a Case of Love’s Labour’s Lost  (unavailable until further notice by author’s request)

Oaths Forsworn in Love’s Labors Lost  Ruth Loyd Miller

De Vere’s Lucrece and Romano’s Sala di Troia  Michael Delahoyde Ph.D.

Dating Sonnet 107: Shakespeare and the “mortall Moone”  Eric Miller

On the Chronology and Performance Venue of A Midsummer Night’s Dream  Roger Stritmatter, Ph.D.

A Crisis of Scholarship: Misreading the Earl of Oxford  Christoper Paul

Apples to Oranges in Bard Stylometrics: Elliot and Valenza fail to eliminate Oxford  John Shahan and Richard Whalen

Authorship Clues in Henry VI, Part 3  Eric L. Altschuler, MD & William James

Book Reviews, Letters, News, Notices

Volume 8 – October 2005

The Stratford Bust: A Monumental Fraud  Richard F. Whalen

Shakespeare’s Sexuality and how it affects the Authorship Issue  John Hamill

Another Rare Dreame: Is this an “Authentic” Oxford Poem?  W. Ron Hess

Two Gentlemen of Verona: Italian Literary Traditions and the Authorship debate  Kevin Gilvary

Hamlet’s Love Letter and the New Philosophy  Peter Usher

Searching for the Oxfordian “smoking gun” in Elizabethan Letters  Paul H. Altrocchi MD

Book Reviews, Letters, News Notes

Volume 7 – October 2004

A Monument Without a Tomb: The Mystery of Oxford’s Death  Christopher Paul

To Be or Not To Be: The Suicide Hypothesis  Robert Detobel

Orestes and Hamlet: from Myth to Masterpiece, Part 1  Earl Showerman

The True Tragedy of Richard the Third, Another Early History Play by Edward de VereRamon Jiménez

Did Queen Elizabeth Use the Theater for Social and Political Propaganda?  Gary B. Goldstein

Volume 6 – October 2003

Edmond Ironside, the English King: Edward de Vere’s Anglo-Saxon History Play  Ramon L. Jiménez

Shakespeare in Composition: Evidence for Oxford’s Authorship of The Book of Sir Thomas More  Fran Gidley

Shakespeare in Scotland: What did the author of Macbeth know and when did he know it?  Richard F. Whalen

No Spring till Now: The Countess of Pembroke and the John Webster Canon  Stephanie Hughes

Bardgate: Was Shakespeare a Secret Catholic?  Peter W. Dickson

The Proof is in the Pembroke: A Stylometric Comparison of the Works of Shakespeare with 12 Works by 8 Elizabethan Authors  George Warren

Volume 5 – October 2002

Shakespeare’s “Lesse Greek”  Andrew Werth

Authorial Rights, Part II: Early Shakespeare Critics and the Authorship Question  Robert Detobel

The Prince Tudor Dilemma: Hip Thesis, Hypothesis or Old Wives’ Tale?   Christopher Paul

A Reattribution of Munday’s “The Paine of Pleasure”  Sarah Smith, PhD

The Paine of Pleasure Attributed to Anthony Munday

On Looking into Chapman’s Oxford: A Personality Profile of the Seventeenth Earl  Richard F. Whalen

Shakespeare’s Support for the New Astronomy  Prof. Peter Usher

Alexander Pope: An Oxfordian at Heart?  Helen Gordon

The Poem Grief of Minde: Who Wrote it and Why it is Important  Frank M. Davis MD

Volume 4 – October 2001

Authorial Rights in Shakespeare’s Time  Robert Detobel

Advances in the Hamlet Allegory  Peter Usher

Shakespeare’s Knowledge of Law: A Journey through the History of the Argument  Mark Andre Alexander

We Must Speak by the Card or Equivocation will Undo Us: Oxford, Campion, and the Howard-Arundel Accusations of 1580-81  Richard Desper

Such Shaping Fantasies? Psychology and the Authorship Debate  Sally Hazelton Llewellyn

What is the Authorship Question?

Volume 3 – October 2000

“Shakespeare” and Burghley’s Library Bibliotheca Illustris: Sive Caelogus Variorum Librorum  Eddi Jolly

“Shakespeare’s” Tutor: Sir Thomas Smith (1513-1577)  Stephanie Hopkins Hughes

Shakespeare’s Medical Knowledge: How did He Acquire It?  Frank M. Davis MD

Who was Arthur Brooke: Author of The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliett?  Nina Green

Can the Oxford Candidacy be Saved? – A Response to W. Ron Hess: ‘Shakespeare’s Dates’”  Ward E.Y. Elliott and Robert J. Valenza

Reprint: Lord Burghley as Master of the Court of Wards  Joel Hurstfield

Volume 2 – October 1999

Prolegomena for the Oxfordian  General Jack Shuttleworth

Dating Shakespeare’s Hamlet   Eddi Jolly

Shakespeare’s Dates: Their Effects on Stylistic Analysis  W. Ron Hess

Secrets of the Dedications to Shakespeare’s Sonnets  John Rollet

Unpacking The Merry Wives  Robert Brazil

Mathematical Models of Stratfordian Persistence  Dr. Charles Berney

Opinion: Reading by the Lamp of Biography  Andrew Werth

Volume 1 – October 1998


Letter To The Reader

Who was Spenser’s E.K.? Was he the Seventeenth Earl of Oxford?  Nina Green

Shakespeare, Oxford and “A Pedlar”  James Fitzgerald

William Byrd’s “Battle” and the Earl of Oxford  Sally Mosher

De Vere’s Dedicatory Poem in Cardan’s Comfort (1573)  Roger Stritmatter Ph.D.

“He was a scholar and a ripe good one”: Oxford’s Education Mirrored in the Shakespeare Canon Daniel L. Wright

Hotwiring the Bard into Cyberspace  W. Ron Hess


You may purchase printed copies of The Oxfordian, volume 17 and later volumes, from Amazon.com and Amazon outlets in Canada, the UK, and Europe.

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To order print copies of back issues of The Oxfordian, volumes 1 through 16, as available, email us here.


Check the Submission Guidelines and Publication Agreement and Assignment of Copyright if you are considering submitting an article for publication. Submissions may be sent to the editor, Chris Pannell, via email. Please put the words “The Oxfordian” in the subject line along with anything specific to your subject.

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